Laws are 

 

the means of government

 

 

 

Laws Of Government

LAWS

 

The authority of a government is exercised through its laws. Laws are the forcible means by which the ends of government are accomplished.  The legislative branch of government (the legislature) oversees the creation and maintenance of a government's bodies of laws. 

  

Laws deal with the most fundamental concerns of human existence, such as human rights, war and peace, and the financial stability of nations. They specify the rights and obligations of the people and institutions that are within the jurisdiction of a government. Since they are used to control human behavior and have a direct impact upon the human rights, living standards, and quality of life of the people, they may be counted among the most important creative works of humankind.

 

The design and enforcement of laws is predicated upon the assumptions that human nature is predictable and that laws, by their ability to manipulate and control human behavior, are an effective means for attaining specific, desired government objectives.  In other words, the premise of lawmaking is that a cause and effect mechanism is brought into play when a law is enforced. Under this universally accepted premise, governments expect to achieve desired societal outcomes through the creation and enforcement of laws.

 

 

LAWS IN DEMOCRACIES 

 

There is an important distinction in the use of laws by authoritarian governments and by democracies. For authoritarian governments, laws are used to control people (i. e., the subject class of people) to maintain the power and privileges of the ruling class.  For authoritarian governments, legislators are merely "lawmakers" whose only task is to make laws to control the activities of the subject class of people. 

 

For democratic governments, however, laws are used to control problems that degrade the liberty and well being of the people. Legislators in democracies are the "trustees of the people" who assure that the bodies of laws of government serve the best interests of the people.  Specifically, the purpose of legislators in a democracy is not to make laws but to oversee the solution of problems for the benefit of the people as a whole. Since laws tend to restrict human activities, the legislatures of democratic governments ensure that the bodies of laws contain the minimum number of laws necessary to uphold the liberty and well being of the people.

 

Quality programs for laws, which enable governments to control problems and satisfy the purpose of democracy, are vital for the success of democracies, but are regarded as a major annoyance by the ruling powers of authoritarian governments. 

 

Click here to learn more about the characteristics of the laws of government.

 

Click here to learn more about quality programs for laws and lawmaking